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Archive for October, 2021

Horse, Soldier, Warrior, War, Battle, Military, History

In the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle the final entry of 473 AD mentions Hengist as having taken “immense booty” and the Britons as having “fled from them like fire”. To me this once in a lifetime “Immense booty” or treasure must have been the sacred treasures of the great Druid Temple at Stonehenge.

Suddenly it seemed there were no more Druids to be found in Britain, only Ovates and Bards. During this same time period St. Patrick in Ireland burned over 300 sacred manuscripts of the Druids. This was effectively the death blow of the Druid religion.

As it says in the Gododin “Morien [a title of the God and thus his priest Eidol, is a Welsh word meaning born of the sea] defended the blessed sanctuary- the basis, and chief place of distribution of the source of energy, of the most powerful, and the most ancient. – She is transpierced!”

The magickal power of the Druids was broken! The Saxons and Christianity were both the victors even though the Saxons were not Christians.

The remaining Britons were outraged and regrouped electing new leaders. A new High King of Britain was elected named Ambrosius. The author Edward Davies suggests that Ambrosius and Eidol, the Earl of Gloucester were one and the same and the he was the true King Arthur of legend, but I doubt it.

Call me a skeptic, but if Eidol was really descended from the Sarmatian Roman mercenaries as I believe, he would be considered a foreigner or of foreign lineage and not accepted by the other clan chiefs as their supreme leader. History says that Eidol fought alongside Ambrosius taking Hengis prisoner and then beheading him. A few years later he too was poisoned.

In the tradition of the Celts and Druids to make fantastical stories, I believe they made Eidol the immortal King Arthur, the knights of the round table were those champions wearing purple robes that were unarmed and slaughtered at the feast of the long knives during the sacred Beltaine celebration at the great circular temple or round table of Stonehenge! Part of the missing temple treasure was the Holy Grail, the most sacred object of the Druid religion. They believed that King Arthur would one day return and that the Holy Grail would be found.

This is the beginning of the mysteries of the Holy Grail!

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Stonehenge, Mystery, Heritage, Ancient, Historic

There was only one entrance to the Stonehenge temple and that was through the avenue that went through the permanent community that lived there. The living quarters of the Bards were at the outermost section of this small town. A broad avenue almost 2 miles long led to the river and another avenue connected it to the curcus where Vortigern and Hengis were to have their meeting. According to the Gododin this meeting took place in a temporary building or enclosure that had been built for that purpose.

When you consider the 360 Briton nobles that were to meet with 360 Saxons, the staff of the entire temple complex plus Druid visitors and the general population that were there for the massive celebration I’m pretty certain that several thousand people were crowded around the great temple living in tents and camping out.

On Monday they celebrated the festival of May praising the holy ones in the presence of the purifying fire, which was made to ascend on high. On Tuesday they wore their dark garments. On Wednesday they purified themselves. On Thursday they duly performed their sacred rites. On Friday the Briton nobles were conducted around the circle. On Saturday there was a huge celebration, but without the customary circle dance. On Sunday the Saxon nobles were conducted around the circle. On Monday there was a deluge of gore up to the waist.

The Bards were regarded as the heralds of peace. The Chief Bard was the first to be ruthlessly killed at the assembly of the nobles on the curcus.

After it was all over only one of the Briton nobles survived, Eidol.

Here is how it went down:

They agreed to meet at dawn on the curcus.

Hengis, wearing a wreath and amber stones around his temples in the presence of the Maid [Goddess or High Priestess] offered mead for all to drink and celebrate. He did not wish to fight but if it must be he would fight to the death and show no mercy. Vortgern responded by saying they will all drink wine mixed with mead. This feasting went on into the night and by the light of torches. Everyone is thoroughly drunk. Vortigern prepares to give a final toast to Hengis so that he can secretly make his escape. But Hengis betrays him as well and suddenly kills the chief Bard who is entertaining them thus giving the signal for his men to attack. The enclosure erupts into chaos. Each Saxon plunges his blade into his Briton companion sitting next to him. Then the Champions dressed in purple robes are singled out to make certain they are killed. Vortigern is taken prisoner.

They prepared to rush the temple and take its massive treasure. Eidol, Knight of the Circle, sounded the alarm and the Bards drew their swords in defense of the temple. He started a mighty fire in the avenue blocking the way so the intruders cannot enter the temple. Then he reached the storage area where the arms have been kept and taking his lance plunged into the battle killing over seventy drunken Saxons.

Meanwhile those who had not been invited to the meeting notice what is going on and join the battle. Tudvwich, the noble whose lands had been taken by Vortigern and given to Hengis, made great account of himself before he perished. The intruders were not able to enter the temple and Hengis was forced to flee with his men after slaughtering the Bards.

Hengis came back immediately with his massive troops that were waiting by the river and the massacre began in truth. Of all the Britons there only Eidol, the author of the Godidin, and Vortigern survived. The temple was plundered and its treasures were lost. All the Druids, Ovates and Bards were slaughtered and the most sacred place of the Druid religion was destroyed forever. Both the most important nobles of Britain and the most important religious leaders died in the massacre.

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Sword, Weapon, Medieval, Antique, Ancient, Old, History

The Gododin is thought to be an ancient song that is so fragmented that it has baffled many that have tried to translate it. As a translator of difficult text myself I have a deep appreciation and insight into the labor involved in such a task. Edward Davies spent an enormous amount of time and energy in translating both the Gododin and other Druid songs that told the story of the Feast of the Long Knives. This was not an easy task because the true names of individuals and place locations is not openly given. This is most probably due to the fact that the author of the Gododin was a Saxon prisoner when he wrote most of it. He had to be very careful what he said and how he said it. The author of this manuscript is supposedly the Druid Aneirin who witnessed and survived the massacre.

Edward Davies determined that the Gododin was not one single song but a compilation of many short songs. He compared all known translations and made a vocabulary list of all difficult words and researched them. When he discovered that the events of the massacre described in the Gododin happened at Stonehenge he combed through the available sources to find out more to give context to the verses. Then he gave his translation along with notes that helped the reader understand the context of the full story. Today we know even more and I’ve tried to retell this story giving my own notes as appropriate.

This story sings of the death blow of the Druid religion that took place at Stonehenge in 472 CE. May it sent shivers down your spine as it has sent down mine and may we always remember!

The Britain’s were strongly beset on all sides by the Picts, Scotts and Saxons. The Chieftains of the Clans elected Vortigern as High King of all Britain. When Hengist, the Saxon, and his brother Horsa arrived with their armies Vortigern sought peaceful negotiations. As sacred custom each side would talk before beginning open hostilities. Hengist and his brother agreed to help Vortigern fight the Picts and Scots in exchange for permission to live with their people on the small island of Thanet.

Hengist persuaded Vortigern that he needed more Saxons to help fight and Hengist was authorized to send back to his homeland for more Saxons. As more Saxons came they included Hengist’s beautiful daughter Rowena. Vortigern asked to marry Rowen and Hengist agreed on condition that he be made a noble and given some land to rule. Vortigern replied that he couldn’t make Hengist a noble but he could give him the kingdom of Kent and it was agreed without consulting the current owner of the kingdom of Kent.

The Saxons were strong warriors and easily defeated Vortigern’s enemies. But more and more Saxons continued to come to Britain and the Britons became alarmed and told Vortigern that the Saxons had to go back home because they were becoming more numerous than the Britions! Because of his love for Rowena Vortigern refused to do this and in anger the Chieftains elected Vortimer, Vortigern’s son, as the new High King of Britain because he vowed to drive the Saxons out of Britain.

Vortimer and his champion warriors succeeded in driving the Saxons back to their island. But soon after that Vortimer was poisoned by Rowena who had put a fatal poison in his wine. Vortigern was reelected as High King of Britain against the complaints of the champions and loyal followers of Vortimer who had driven the Saxons out of Britain. Hengist returned with an army of 300,000 men.

Vortigern met Hengist under a flag of truce and Hengist stated his fight was with Vortimer and not Vortigern, pretending that he didn’t know of the death of Vortimer at his daughter’s hand. According to sacred custom Hengist suggested they meet to talk about it at the great feast of Beltaine that would take place at Stonehenge on the 1st of May. Both would bring their nobles and greatest warriors and both would come unarmed and in peace. Both agreed to bring 360 of their finest warriors and leaders to discuss what to do.

But secretly Vortigern colluded with Hengist to betray his own people. Hengist would secretly bring weapons to the feast and kill the loyal champions of the dead Vortimer that were giving Vortigern so much trouble. These champions and heroes were to wear purple robes so they could be more easily identified. The other nobles would be ransomed back by their families and Vortigern and Hengist would divide the spoils. This was the unholy plan that was agreed upon.

Stonehenge was not just the circle of standing stones that we see today. It was a fortified enclosure of wooden walls and an entire community lived inside it. While the temple itself was open to the sky the living quarters were not. Within this community lived Bards, Ovates and Druids and this Beltaine celebration was the most important observance of the entire year! The Druids, Ovates and Bards came from all over to celebrate this most holy festival. In addition the local population joined the festivities as well. In all there were several thousand people that would be at this festival which would take place during several days.

The rest of Hengist’s army of 300,000 would remain near the river Avon. The meeting itself would take place on the curcus, a long raised area about a half mile from the temple itself. As an honor and perhaps to keep him away from the negotiations Eidol was nominated to be in charge of the feast keeping the entire company supplied with food and drink. He was the Knight of the Enclosure or President of the Circle. Apparently he was also a Druid High Priest.

This sets the stage for what was to follow. There was a long protected avenue leading to the temple that went through the living quarters of the Bards. The Bards were to be entertainers at the feast.

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Sword, Blood, Background, Medieval, Image Manipulation

The Romans invaded Gaul in the 1st century CE and the Roman Emperors Tiberius and Claudius actively suppressed the Druid culture. By the 2nd century it had disappeared from Gaul. Supposedly the Druids fled to Britain and other places of refuge. By 400 CE the Samothrace mysteries of a warrior Goddess which had been founded by Amazon Sarmatian women were replaced by the Eleusinian mysteries of a Goddess of fertility and love. It is possible that they went to Britain with the Druids or later. There is no way to know for certain. What we can say is that the Samothrace mysteries were conducted in Gaul for almost a thousand years and suddenly they disappeared.

The Romans had several brushes with the Sarmatians, a horse riding nomadic people of the Pontic Steppe. These skirmishes were so troublesome that by the late 2nd and 3rd centuries Rome found it necessary to develop its own mounted warriors and even used some of the Sarmatian horsemen as mercenaries.

In 175 CE some 5,500 Sarmatian horsemen were posted in Britain where they served in the Roman army. More than a century later a unit of 500 were still stationed at what is now modern Ribchester near Lancaster. These horsemen flew a dragon standard as was customary for Sarmatian warriors who held the dragon symbol as sacred. Traces of these Sarmatians remain in Britain until 400CE. These Sarmatians also worshiped a sword that was plunged into an earthen mound possibly giving rise to the legend of King Arthur. [The Sarmatians 600 BC- AD 450 by R Brzezinski & M Mielczarek published 2002]

It is likely that the legendary Uther Pendragon was associated with this remaining remnant of highly trained Sarmatian horse warriors. I can’t find a direct link between Eidol, the Earl of Gloucester, and Uther Pendragon but one author spoke of Eidol as having a troublesome lineage that made him be considered a foreigner compared to the other nobility. I think it likely that he belonged to this lineage as well.

In 472 CE Hengist, the Saxon King of Kent,brought his army onto the British coast, after the death of Vortimer, they found that the inhabitants, under the command of Vortigern, were fully determined to oppose their landing. The Saxon chief Hengist made it clear to Vortigern that he had no intention of invading the country and that his fight was with Vortimer, son of Vortigern. Pretending as if he thought Vortimer was still alive.

Hengist suggested that they should both meet in May at Stonehenge on Salisbury plain with their highest officers and nobility and he also suggested that in a show of good faith everyone should come unarmed. 

Eidol, the Earl of Gloucester, is described as High Priest, President of the Circle and Knight of the Inclosure. His job was to act as host distributing the liquor at the feast. He was probably the only one at the feast that was sober.

Meanwhile Hengist had his people secretly wear long knives in their sleeves and arranged the seating so that at each table friend and foe sat side by side alternating. At a given signal they were to take their long knives and kill the person sitting next to them sparing only King Vortigern. In the middle of the feasting when all were drunk the signal was given and 360 of Vortigern’s nobles and chieftains were savagely murdered.

King Vortigern was captured and surrendered his own properties as well as Norfolk and Sussex to Hengist and his army.

Eidol was the only one who survived and escaped after killing seventy men. He returned to the place of the massacre to bury his dead countrymen and women. He later helped capture Hengist and beheaded him.

We know him not as High Priest,  President of the Circle or Knight of the Inclosure, but as King Arthur, Knight of the Round Table which was the feast at Stonehenge where 360 unarmed people were treacherously murdered. I will be taking a more detailed look at this piece of treachery in my next post as it was chronicled in the Gododin and translated by Edward Davies.

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Fire, Flames, Red, Hot, Burn, Orange, Black Fire

At some point I need to add footnotes to cite my resources as I am doing this mainly from memory but I think it is important to get the information out there! I’ve been doing some heavy research on both the Druids and the ancient horse riders of the Pontic Steppes. I think I have been able to document these ancient horse men and women as the ruling class of the ancient Celts. The Druid culture arose in support of this ruling class.

In a recent discussion the subject of the sacred fire of the Druids came up and this post is my response to that. It seems that some of these people relocated to Ireland around 3,000 BC as I’ve mentioned in previous posts. But some of these people remained in the Pontic Steppes and emerged as the Sarmatians around 700 BC.

The women of the ancient Sarmatian horse riders were warriors as well as the men and 20% of the graves were of women in battle armor. These people lived in wagons and had large herds of cattle and horses. At one point the Sarmatians were confused with the Scythians as they lived and occupied some of the same lands. According to ancient sources the Sarmatians pretty much lived on horseback and had red hair. The Greeks called these Sarmatian warrior women Amazons and it was believed that the island of Samothrace and its mysteries were founded by Amazons.

The sacred mysteries of Samothrace existed from 700 BC until 400 AD when they were replaced by the Eleusinian mysteries. We know very little about these mysteries except that they were Warrior Goddess oriented, involved a sacred drink that was a form of wine laced with narcotic mushrooms which produced a state similar to LSD intoxication. There was also a sacred eternal flame and sex orgies. This initiation was open to all people of all classes and of either gender.

So what was this eternal flame? Almost all the sacred mysteries had an eternal flame. What did that really mean? Interestingly enough it was some path working I had done for the Order Aurum Solis that provided the answer. The eternal flame was the vital life force of life itself that burned and purified all living things in an unending cycle of death and rebirth into new forms. Life itself is a flame that is eternal and has never gone out since the first cellular life reproduced the next generation!

And women were the keepers of this divine eternal flame which burned continuously in their sacred temples. And this sacred life force was sexuality and fertility! It was passion and death and rebirth! It was the fire of passion for living!

The survival pressures of the ancient world made people strong in the lower chakras but the higher ones were more difficult to open and that is what the Sacred Wine was for. The combination of sexual orgasm energies with the sacred wine opened up the higher centers in a sacred initiation that was conducted by priestesses.

The Druids had this sacred fire and they had priestesses that were keepers of the sacred flame who lived apart in secluded areas. It is certain that celebrations of the sacred flame involved the active participation of a High Priestess and these celebrations occurred throughout the Druid world. It is also certain that there was a special celebratory wine that was used for these special occasions.

The early Druids may have brought this practice with them when they moved to Ireland around 3,000 BC or they may have picked it up in Gaul when the Samothrace mysteries were first established because the Druid culture extended far into Gaul by 700 BC. This was the mystery of the Holy Grail! It was the most sacred mystery of the Druids and was a most sacred Goddess oriented mystery. At certain times of the year like Beltaine all were invited to partake of this holy communion and drink this sacred wine.

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The Druid Illusion

Stonehenge, Travel, Tourist, England, Scenic, Mystery

I am writing this as an occultist and one that cares deeply about all life upon earth. I serve the Goddess and am her instrument. It is time to pierce the illusion and I call to my own people wherever they are. We can do better than this!

I’ve been doing in depth research on the Druids and their culture and have come to some very disturbing conclusions that I didn’t want to confront. Here are some basic facts that I don’t think anyone can dispute about the Druids and the Celtic culture.

According to Caesar there were three classes of people in the Celtic culture, the nobility, the Druids and the common people. We deliberately avoid confronting the fact of a nobility or an elite ruling class that was above the Druids.

This elite ruling class originated on the Pontic Steppe as nomadic horsemen and horsewomen that traveled in wheeled wagons with their herds. The women fought alongside the men and even the children rode horses as I mentioned in my last post. It is very easy to identify this group as Haplogroup G and as red haired because of the elite nature of the group. Haplogroup G is very rare even though it was one of the first human migrations out of Africa in the neolithic period. Red hair is also very rare and occurs in only 1-2% of the population. It is notable that it occurs in Ireland and Scotland quite frequently as well as some other areas of eastern Europe.

In contrast Haplogroup I which occupied some of the same areas is very plentiful and belongs to the Germanic and Scandinavian races. This is not and cannot be an elite group as there are too many of them. This group also existed in Neolithic times but most known skeletons from the Neolithic are of Haplogroup G.

The Druids were a social development designed to support and keep the elite ruling class in power through the use of the sacred concept of “Hospitality”. The ruling group of nobles gave a sacred oath to preserve and protect the common people and in return the common people would pay tribute to them. The Druids were the middleman. They did this through control of the media as Bards, through the healing institutions as healers and through politics and religion as judges and priests. This was all to support the elite ruling class who were the warriors. They found ways to get rich themselves.

The nomadic horse people lived a self sustaining lifestyle that had no use for slaves or prisoners. They had a strict belief in reincarnation and because of that had no time for the belief in Gods and Goddesses. They became the gods and goddesses. They believed in the father sky, mother earth, the wind because it brought life and the sword because it took life. It was that simple. Mother Earth was both the Goddess of Storm and the Goddess of safe passage through the storm. It was an eternal becoming and you lived the best you could. You lived honorably! You died honorably! These nomadic horse people had no fear of death because they embraced it like they embraced life itself. They could sense life and the living spirits in all of nature that surrounded them and they worked and lived with animals and nature.

It is the values and beliefs of these people that we should be trying to understand and embrace, not those of the Druids!

The Druids invented religion to manipulate and control the masses. They taught the worship of gods and goddesses. Even worse, they restricted the use of fire to all members of the community, even though this was the bronze age and fire and pottery making were both known in the neolithic age! Both pottery making and metal working obviously requiring the use of fire! These things were used only for social control! In addition rocking stones or “judgement stones” and the trial by fire where a person’s feet were anointed with some type of oil before walking through a bed of hot coals were used to prove guilt or innocence. These were both easily manipulated and designed to con the general population who believed their stories. They judged the guilt and innocence of people according to their own whims and desires.

In summary the Druid culture was not any better than our society today and in fact, is remarkably similar! We need something new! A new elite group of leaders needs to step forward that is not corrupted. A new type of self empowerment, common sense and good will needs to be introduced. True magick needs to come back into our world!

As mentioned I speak as an occultist who is interested in the magickal empowerment of the individual. We are all walking wounded, but the most powerful ways to develop self esteem and competency in life remain the same as they were thousands of years ago. Basic survival skills, the ability to defend oneself and basic first aid. The nomad horse people demonstrated those skills while the Druids found ways to isolate  those skills and keep them to themselves. The Druids were exempt from military service. I can see no way that keeping fire from people in the winter time can be validated!

“Are the echoes of these people with us today? Did they make a great impact?”

The Baltic, Slavic, Germanic,Celtic, Italic, Albanian, Hellenic, Armenian, Anatolian, Indo-Iranian and Tocharian languages all evolved from Proto-Indo-European, which was the language spoken by these steppe nomads. This includes their core values and beliefs. I call that quite an influence!

If you would like solid research on this I would recommend “The Horse, the Wheel and Language” by David W. Anthony published by Princeton University Press!

I have deliberately avoided the study of modern Druidism because I have been interested in the original Druids. I have no issue with reconstruction Druidism and am a happy member of OBOD! But I think a clear distinction should be made!

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Knight, Armor, Helmet, Weapons, Sword, Knight Armor

Now that I’ve shown a probable and likely link between the red haired Pontic Steppe horsemen, haplogroup G, and the Yamnaya culture that merged this group with haplogroup I and how these people got to Ireland around 3,000 BC as the Tuatha de Danann with the pre-Druid culture it’s time to move on.

The Yamnaya culture was a blend of the agrarian culture and goddess worshiping farmers and herders and the nomadic horse riders and herders bonded together by the oath of “Hospitality”. The nomadic horse riders were the rulers and in exchange for tribute promised to defend the people that lived on their lands. This was a system of localized clans and chieftains that were fairly independent of each other.

As mentioned in my last post the druids were simply the social support system that developed to keep the nomadic horse people as chieftains and rulers. It was also one of the most advanced civilizations of the time comparable to the pre-Greek culture that it was related to as we shall see.

The bards were the media and entertainment section, the Ovates were the medical and healer section and the druids were the political, philosophical and religious section who educated and controlled the general population.

This entire Celtic and Druid culture gradually moved into Britain and then expanded into Gaul and set up its operational center at Stonehenge where it was destroyed in 472AD at the massacre of the Feast of Long Knives at Stonehenge during the annual Beltaine celebration where almost all of the Druids were killed as well as most of Britain’s nobility.

But before we can move on to the King Arthur legend and the Quest for the Holy Grail we need to return to the Pontic Steppes during the years 600 BC-450 AD and the emergence of a unique group of red haired nomadic warriors called the Sarmatians. 

The Sarmatians were unique in several ways. They were red haired and their women were warriors. 20% of known burial sites contained women dressed in battle armor. The ancient Greeks wrote of these woman warriors as the Amazons. One of their favorite weapons was the lasso which they used to pull the enemy and drag them. The entire culture lived on horse back and skeletons of girls aged 13 and 14 have been found with bowed legs indicating they were riding horses that early. A woman was not allowed to marry until they had killed an enemy according to one ancient source.

They too worshiped the wind as the bringer of life and the sword as the taker of life. They also worshiped a warrior goddess and according to the ancient Greeks the island of Samothrace was founded by Amazon women and those sacred mysteries were open to all peoples of all classes. These sacred mysteries involved drinking a sacred halucinogenic beverage and lots of sex. This was the Holy Grail mystery. The sacred mysteries of Samothrace dominated the ancient world for almost a thousand years until they were replaced with those of Eleusis to which they were related.

These goddess related mysteries influenced both the Cretes, pre-Helenic Greece and the Phoenicians to develop warrior Goddess oriented religions such as Hekate and Astarte.

Near the end of the Sarmatain culture they were absorbed into the existing peoples but many became mercenaries for Rome. In 175 AD 8,000 horsemen were exiled by Marcus Aurelius and around 5,500 were posted to Britain where they served in the Roman army. More than a century later a small unit of 500 Sarmatian horsemen were still stationed at what is now Ribchester, near Lancaster. Traces of these Sarmatians remain until at least 400 AD.

They had a dragon standard and some historians believe that their worship of a sword plunged into the ground may have led to the King Arthur legends. These Sarmatians provided the pattern for the physical form of the western knight. The concept of “Hospitality” had already long been in place setting things up for the legend of King Arthur!

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